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Valérie Schafer

Valérie Schafer has been a Professor in Contemporary European History at the C²DH (Luxembourg Centre for Contemporary and Digital History) at the University of Luxembourg since February 2018.

She previously worked at the CNRS in France and is still an Associate Researcher at the Center for Internet and Society. She specialises in the history of computing, telecommunications and data networks. Her main research interests are the history of the Internet and the Web, the history of digital cultures and infrastructures, and born-digital heritage. She is currently involved in several research projects related to web archives and digital cultures (i.e, the HIVI Project related to the history of online virality).

She is the author of La France en réseaux (1960/1980) (Nuvis, 2012) ; En construction. La fabrique française d’Internet et du Web dans les années 1990 (2018) ; Le Minitel, l’enfance numérique de la France with Benjamin Thierry (Nuvis, 2012); La neutralité de l’internet, un enjeu de communication with Hervé Le Crosnier (CNRS Editions, 2011) ; and co-editor with Benjamin Thierry of Connecting Women. Women, Gender, and ICT in Europe (Nineteenth-Twentieth Century) (Springer, 2015).


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Matthias Höfer

Matthias Höfer is a PhD researcher at the Centre for Contemporary and Digital History (C²DH) at the University of Luxembourg.

After completing a bachelor’s in History and Communication Science, Höfer obtained his master’s degree in History at the University of Bamberg in 2021 with a thesis about rituals of public penance in the 13th century, focusing on their role as public forms of communication and conflict-resolution in a semi-oral society. His research interests lie in cultural history, as well as in media and communication history. He is affiliated with the PopKult60 project.

In his dissertation, Höfer explores the advertising landscapes in Luxembourg, Germany and France for television sets, record players, radios, tape- and cassette recorders in the “long” 1960s from a transnational angle. With regard to advertisements for such technical and media consumer goods, Höfer considers the dimension of gender to play an important role. Overall, he aims to connect two levels of analysis in his work, looking not only at the advertisements for the consumer goods themselves, but also at the process behind the scenes.


Carmen Noguera

Carmen Noguera is a PhD researcher at the Centre for Contemporary and Digital History (C²DH) at the University of Luxembourg.

She has a degree in journalism from the University of Seville, followed by a DEA (post-graduate diploma of advanced studies) on the EU and International Relations from the Complutense University of Madrid. With over 15 years of experience in digital marketing and communications, she has worked in communication agencies, international organizations and the private sector. Throughout her career, she focused on developing marketing and communications strategies and specialized in corporate e-reputations, digital footprints, Social Media Management, digital mentorship, and personal branding coaching.

Always interested in the impact and evolution of digital media in society, Noguera now explores the digitalization of Luxembourg since the 1990s as a PhD researcher, focusing on the user's point of view. Her thesis is currently titled Digital cultures and their development in Luxembourg (the late 90s to the present day) and is part of the A History of Online Virality (HIVI) project.